At the request of Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) Marketplace, items from five major fast-food restaurants were analyzed by Trent University's Wildlife Forensic DNA Laboratory to measure the quantity of chicken and non-chicken DNA. The DNA analysis revealed the following:
The majority of remaining DNA was determined to be soy.
Subway Ingredients List:
CHICKEN PATTY: Chicken breast meat, water, seasoning (sea salt, sugar, chicken stock, salt, flavours, canola oil. onion powder, garlic powder, spice, chicken fat, honey), soy protein, sodium phosphates.
CHICKEN STRIPS: chicken breasts (Boneless, skinless), water, soy protein concentrate, modified potato starch, sodium phosphate, potassium chloride, salt, maltodextrin, yeast extract, flavours, spices, dextrose, onion powder, carmelized sugar, paprika, chicken broth, vinegar solids, paprika extract.
CHICKEN STRIPS (teriyaki glazed): Chicken breast strips (see above), teriyaki (water, corn syrup, soy sauce (water, wheat, soybean, salt, sodium benzoate [a preservative]), rice vinegar, modified corn starch, sugar, tomato paste, ginger, vinegar, garlic, sesame oil, sesame seed, salt, dehydrated green onion, dehydrated red bell pepper, natural flavours, autolyzed yeast extract, dehydrated garlic, sodium benzoate (a preservative), spices, citric acid, soybean oil, dry yeast (torula), dehydrated onion.
Subway defended CBC's claim by sending samples of the chicken to two independent labs (Maxxam Analytics and Elisa Technologies, Inc.), in which the labs found less than 1 percent soy protein in the tested samples. Jeff Lanteigne, vice-president of product development and quality assurance at Grand River Foods, the Cambridge, Ont.-based supplier of Subway's chicken product states, "As reported to CBC Marketplace before the segment aired, Subway chicken strips and oven-roasted chicken are made from 100 per cent white meat and contain 1 per cent or less of soy protein. We use this functional ingredient to help stabilize the texture and moisture,"
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